A Strategic European Research and Innovation Agenda for Smart CO2 Transformation in Europe (SERIA)
The SERIA sets out a Strategic European Research and Innovation Agenda (SERIA) for CO2 utilisation. The SERIA is influenced by the SCOT project’s Vision document, which was released in September 2015. Whereas the Vision document had a long-term focus describing the potential of the Sector by 2030, the SERIA gives more concrete guidance by outlining research and innovation priorities to achieve this Vision.
The successful development of CO2 utilisation technologies is highly dependent on the way cross-cutting non-technical issues are tackled, as well as the technical advances. Acknowledging this, the SERIA document consists of three parts:
1. A non-technical part, which is subdivided into a feasibility, policy frameworks, and societal uptake categories. The non-technical part of the SERIA identifies challenges stemming from each of these three categories.
2. A technical part, which outlines a number of areas that would benefit from innovation out to 2030. However, one of the important areas that the community has strongly articulated is the need for continued (or increased) levels of fundamental research funding over this period, in order to provide the breakthroughs in fundamental science and engineering that are required to increase Europe’s competitiveness over the long-term.
3. A specific CO2-derived products part, that are believed to have the potential to reach commercialisation in Europe with supportive market frameworks in the near to mid-term future. Each CO2 – derived product is described and specific research and innovation priorities are listed.
Joint Action Plan for Smart CO2 Transformation in Europe (JAP)
The SERIA is complemented by the Joint Action Plan (JAP). The JAP defines the short to mid-term actions required to achieve the outcomes as described in the Vision and the research and innovation areas highlighted in the SERIA document. It recommends collaborative and concrete actions which should be started within the next five years to accelerate the development and deployment of CO2 derived products and processes within Europe. Each of these actions aims to tackle an aspect of the non-technical and technical challenges that hamper the market development of CO2 utilisation identified throughout the SCOT project.
The SCOT documents are the product of extensive research and mapping of CO2 utilisation throughout Europe aimed at understanding the current state of CO2 utilisation. During this research process the following have been conducted:
• Over 300 interviews with stakeholders from the CO2 utilisation sector including academia, policy makers, technology developers and CO2 emitters from industry
• Over 10 workshops at (inter)regional level to synthesise and discuss preliminary results
• A comprehensive regional assessment to map CO2 utilisation actors, the existing funds allocated to CO2 recycling projects and to produce regional SWOT/SOAR analysis
• A comprehensive socio-economic analysis to map major CO2 emitters, energy infrastructures, and assess existing policy and regulations
• An elaborate desk research on three CO2 transformation routes: mineralisation, power to fuels, and chemical building blocks
• Extensive review of intermediate results by an international and renowned panel of experts and Public Consultation